Australian Citizenship Application Procedures

Written by Jogi for Australian Citizenship Tests

Read time: 6 min 15 sec

Learn the steps to apply for Australian citizenship, including eligibility criteria, required documents, and preparation for the citizenship test and interview.


Becoming an Australian citizen is a significant milestone that comes with numerous benefits and responsibilities. As a citizen, you gain the right to vote, access to social services, and the ability to apply for an Australian passport. However, citizenship also entails responsibilities such as obeying Australian laws, serving on a jury if called upon, and defending the country if necessary.

Steps to Apply for Australian Citizenship

1. Fill Out the Australian Citizenship Form

Completing the Australian citizenship form accurately and thoroughly is crucial. Any errors or omissions can delay the processing of your application. Ensure that all sections are filled out correctly and double-check for any mistakes before submission.

2. Attach Identification Documents

Identification documents are essential to verify your identity. These may include your birth certificate, passport, and any other government-issued IDs. Make sure to provide certified copies of these documents to avoid any issues.

3. Provide Qualification Documents

Proof of Stay in Australia

You will need to provide evidence of your stay in Australia, such as rental agreements, utility bills, or employment records.

Proof of Residency of Parents (if applicable)

If your application is based on your parents' residency, you will need to provide their residency documents.

Ministerial Discretionary Residency Paper (if applicable)

In some cases, a ministerial discretionary residency paper may be required. This document is necessary if you are applying under special circumstances.

4. Statement of Income

Providing a statement of income is important to demonstrate your financial stability. This can include payslips, tax returns, or bank statements. Ensure that your income falls within the required range for eligibility.

5. Present Passport and Visa

A valid passport and visa are essential for your application. These documents prove your legal entry and stay in Australia. Make sure they are up-to-date and not expired.

6. Take the Australian Citizenship Test

The Australian citizenship test assesses your knowledge of Australia’s history, values, institutions, and symbols. It is a crucial step in the application process. To prepare, you can use various resources such as the test, practice, and study-cards.

7. Attend the Interview

After passing the test, you will be invited to an interview. This is an opportunity for the authorities to verify your application details and assess your commitment to becoming an Australian citizen. Be prepared to answer questions about your application and your life in Australia.

8. Take the Oath for Australian Citizenship

Taking the oath is a formal declaration of your loyalty to Australia and its people. It signifies your commitment to the responsibilities and duties of being an Australian citizen.

9. Participate in the Citizenship Ceremony

The citizenship ceremony is the final step in becoming an Australian citizen. During the ceremony, you will take the pledge of commitment and receive your citizenship certificate. It is a momentous occasion that marks the end of your journey to becoming an Australian citizen.

Eligibility Criteria for Australian Citizenship

To qualify for Australian citizenship, you must meet specific eligibility criteria. These criteria vary depending on your circumstances, such as your residency status, family connections, and length of stay in Australia.

1. New Zealand and Australian Citizens

New Zealand and Australian citizens have specific pathways to citizenship. If you are a New Zealand citizen living in Australia, you may be eligible for citizenship after meeting certain residency requirements.

2. Spouse of an Australian Citizen

If you are married to an Australian citizen, you may be eligible for citizenship. You will need to provide proof of your relationship and meet the residency requirements.

3. Children of Former Australian Citizens

Children of former Australian citizens may be eligible for citizenship. You will need to provide evidence of your parent’s previous citizenship and meet other eligibility criteria.

4. Commonwealth Child Migration Program Participants

Participants of the Commonwealth Child Migration Program may be eligible for citizenship. This program was designed to assist children who migrated to Australia under specific schemes.

5. Papua Citizens Before 1975

Papua citizens who were born before Papua New Guinea's independence in 1975 may be eligible for Australian citizenship. You will need to provide proof of your birth and residency during that period.

6. Migrants from Other Countries

Migrants from other countries can apply for Australian citizenship after meeting the residency and other eligibility requirements. This includes demonstrating good character and a commitment to Australian values.

7. Adopted by Australian Citizens

If you were adopted by Australian citizens, you might be eligible for citizenship. You will need to provide adoption papers and meet other eligibility criteria.

8. Reclaiming Lost Citizenship

If you have lost your Australian citizenship, you may be able to reclaim it. The process involves providing evidence of your previous citizenship and the circumstances under which it was lost.


What is the processing time for an Australian citizenship application?

The processing time for an Australian citizenship application can vary. On average, it takes between 12 to 18 months from the date of application to the final decision. However, this can be longer depending on individual circumstances and the completeness of your application.

Can I apply for Australian citizenship online?

Yes, you can apply for Australian citizenship online through the Department of Home Affairs website. The online application process is straightforward and allows you to upload your documents and track the status of your application.

What are the fees associated with applying for Australian citizenship?

The fees for applying for Australian citizenship vary depending on your circumstances. As of now, the standard application fee is AUD 490 for adults. There are reduced fees for children and certain concession holders. It is advisable to check the latest fee structure on the Department of Home Affairs website.

Do I need to take an English language test for Australian citizenship?

Yes, demonstrating proficiency in English is a requirement for Australian citizenship. This can be done through various means, such as completing an approved English language test or providing evidence of education in English.

What happens if my Australian citizenship application is denied?

If your application is denied, you will receive a letter explaining the reasons for the decision. You may have the option to appeal the decision or reapply after addressing the issues that led to the denial.

How can I check the status of my Australian citizenship application?

You can check the status of your application online through the Department of Home Affairs website. You will need your application reference number and personal details to access the status update.

Can I include my children in my Australian citizenship application?

Yes, you can include your children in your application. Each child will need to meet the eligibility criteria, and you will need to provide their identification and qualification documents.

What documents do I need to provide for the Australian citizenship test?

For the Australian citizenship test, you will need to provide identification documents such as your passport and any other documents specified in your test invitation letter. It is important to bring all required documents to avoid any delays.

How long do I need to live in Australia before applying for citizenship?

Generally, you need to have lived in Australia for at least four years, including 12 months as a permanent resident, before you can apply for citizenship. There are some exceptions and special circumstances that may alter this requirement.

What should I do if I lose my Australian citizenship certificate?

If you lose your Australian citizenship certificate, you can apply for a replacement through the Department of Home Affairs. You will need to provide identification and pay a replacement fee.